What is biopiracy?

What is biopiracy?

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    Biopiracy is a term developed by Patrick Mooney in 1993 to describe a practice in which indigenous knowledge is used by others for profit, without either attribution, authorization or compensation to the indigenous people themselves. According to Rabitz (2015), biopiracy in Nagoya Protocol terms is the biotechnological utilization of genetic resources in violation of either the provider country legislation or mutually agreed contractual obligations. The Nagoya Protocol was developed to help reduce biopiracy. However, the Protocol is largely focused on management of ethical compliance, leaving enforcement policies and procedures to be developed by the CBD and each individual country. It will take a combination of efforts to educate the next generation about better ethical responsibility, and to encourage and enforce compliance, to effectively reduce biopiracy worldwide.

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