Further Reading

We’re continuously updating this list of useful online documents to ensure you have access to trustworthy and up-to-date information.

A comment on the regulation of Digital Sequence Information

This comment was submitted by the US Nagoya Protocol Action Group in response to the US Dept of State public teleconference concerning the use of digital sequence information of genetic resources


General Guides, Manuals, Brochures and Handbooks

Introductory Brochure about the Nagoya Protocol


Communication and development of Access and Benefit-sharing principles

-Includes useful tools and tips for how to communicate and understand in order for benefits to be developed through a two-way dialogue.


Domestic measures to be Nagoya compliant

Here are submitted access cases from around the world that show how the Competent National Authority should be utilized to regulate ABS. Several of these have become use-cases on our website.


Decision-making tool for implementing the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture


Official pages that curate treaties, strategies, education materials, and action plans

United Nations Treaties Page

Who has signed the Nagoya Protocol and what were their declarations? This daily updated page from the United Nations includes the additional declarations countries made when they signed. In some cases they clear up vague language, in others, they specify whether the starting date of enforcement 2014 or 1993 is honored by a country. 


Strategies for building Capacity Development

Read Annex I


National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plan (NBSAP)

Each country that signed the Nagoya Protocol was tasked to develop an NBSAP to help slow biodiversity loss and broaden access to benefits. These plans are useful to learn how the Protocol is shaping action at the nation level.


Access and Benefit Sharing Initiative “Knowledge Center” 

A huge database of official documents from around the world on all things relevant to the Nagoya Protocol


Explanations of the Nagoya Protocol from a natural products point of view

Union for Ethical BioTrade, an international non-profit organisation

-Addresses frequently asked questions about the Nagoya Protocol relevant for companies working with natural ingredients:


The CBD explores capacity building initiatives and gaps in the consumer markets:


Botanical industry market: outlook on how working with Nagoya and ABS will be advantageous


ABS and BioTrade: How (not) to be a biopirate



Natural History Collections Management

Taxonomic collections and ABS regulations


Microbial Culture Collections Management and Research

World Data Center for Microorganisms guide to the Nagoya Protocol


The U.S. Culture Collection Network Responding to the Requirements of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing


Anthropological Research, Traditional Knowledge, Cultural Sovereignty

Here are four articles that illuminate key issues to Traditional Knowledge and the Protocol. They can be downloaded through the following link:

Rosenthal 2007 Suiseeya 2014 Teran 2016 Witter et al 2015


1 – Witter et al 2015 – Canadian First Nations representatives challenged the spokesperson for the Canadian state.  

2 – Suiseeya 2014 – Kim Suiseeya gives a good overview of how indigenous issues played out in Nagoya, specifically with respect to concerns about justice.  

3 – Teran 2016 – A fairly comprehensive overview of how indigenous issues and advocacy influenced the Nagoya Protocol, written by someone who played a role in the process. 

4 – Rosenthal 2007 – This article is about the history of the Maya ICBG and lessons learned, as a pre-Nagoya Protocol enforcement example that is still very relevant.  The Rosenthal article is on Pg. 373.

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